Wil on March 15th, 2013
So last week we covered how we can navigate through Flickr to find Creative Commons licensed images. Now that you’ve found an image that suits your particular purpose, we need to know how to cite it.
Even the most basic of Creative Commons licence requires that you provide proper attribution to the creator of the image. In today’s blog post, we’ll walk through the different elements that you’ll need to meet these attribution requirements.
Take the following image of ice cream and waffles:
Now after you’ve wiped the drool running down the side of your mouth, we need to write up an attribution for this image. Everything you need can be found on the Flickr page where this image is found. First off the title of the image:
This one’s easy: the title is just below the image itself. In this case, it’s “Ice Cream and Waffle”. Next the name of the creator:
This information can be found on the upper right hand side of your screen, just below the search box. You can use either the person’s username or their real name, they’ve elected to put it up here. In this case, we’ll use the username “rizkapb”. Next, we need to find out what kind of Creative Commons license is attached to the image:
This is a two-step process. If you hover over the that little icon on the page itself, it will tell you it has an Attribution Creative Commons licence attached to it — a CC-BY license. If you click on the little icon itself, you will be taken to a summary of the legal code underlying the Creative Commons licence. This page will also tell you the version of the deed that this image was licensed under. Because Creative Commons is an evolving platform, sometimes newer versions of deeds are often released. And because this platform changes, we need to document which license applies to a work at the time when we accessed and used the image. So from the Creative Commons licence page, we know the licence and the version of the licence that applies to this image:
Namely, “Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC-BY 2.0)”. Lastly, we need the URL of the image itself which you can find on the address bar of your browser. In our case, its: “http://www.flickr.com/photos/rizkapb/1363929346/ “
We now have all the information we need to assemble our attribution. There are many ways of attributing an image. Certain university departments adopt conventions of citing resources, so you may have to use these prescribed methods. The bottom-line is when it comes to citing and attribution, it matters less how you do it, but more that you do it every time. Just try to be consistent.
For this example, let’s use the following template: <title of work> by <name of creator> Licensed under a Creative Commons <licence type and version>. Accessed <date of access>. <URL of image>
We’re almost there! Now it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting:
“Ice Cream and Waffle” by “rizkapb” Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC-BY2.0). Accessed 15 March 2013. http://www.flickr.com/photos/rizkapb/1363929346/
And there you have it! A complete and proper citation done in a few minutes! Your citation can then be placed beneath the image as a caption, or in a list with other images which you have used for your project. Let’s have a look at that ice cream and waffle pic again, but this time with a complete citation added.
I don’t know about you, but I think it looks more delicious now than before.